Aspecte ale modernizării societăţii transilvănene la sfârşitul secolului al XIX-lea şi începutul secolului al XX-lea

Aspects of the modernising of the Romanian society from Transylvania at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century

Autor: Marcel Morar

 

The phenomenon of modernising in the Transylvanian society was perceived at the level of its basic structures: political parties, church, school, economic institutions, associations, and cultural societies, as well as the concept regarding the constitutional frame, suited to the defence and development of the Romanian nation: autonomy and self determination.

The modernising in the 19th century is characterised by the extension of the state administration, technical and scientific progress, determining, along with social changes, the extinction of cultural traditions, a demographic and economic rise, urbanisation and developing of the transportation, communication and information means.

The present article outlines the way the values of modernity were gradually imposed in the institutions as well as in the mentality of people. This was done despite the fact that, up to the beginning of the 20th century, the social economic situation of the Romanians from Transylvania showed their inferiority in the Austro-Hungarian system. The responsibility for the strategy of modernising rests upon the political and intellectual elite, the whole society having to endure the efforts generated by it. 

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