Historical considerations on the physical and chemical analysis took on the pottery belonging to the Precriş culture
Autor: Ana Marian, Marius Ciută, Dan Anghel
The present paper deals with the results received according some specific mineralogical, physic-chemical analyses, realized under some representative ceramic fragments, belonging to fine specie, from the early Neolithic site from Ocna Sibiului – “Triguri”.
The comparative study, qualitative and quantitative, realized under the parameters of the specific composition of the ceramic – obtained on the basis of difractometry analyses – make possible the identification of some specific details and characteristics of the ceramic: type of clays used, modeling methods, pigments types, drying processes and other treatments of the surfaces before burning, types and conditions of burning, maxims and minims temperature of burning, etc..
The analysis were made in the CERO laboratories from Cluj-Napoca, having in view the modern methods and techniques of investigation and detecting of the mineralogical composition of ceramic, using X-ray difractometry. There were obtained two diagrams with specters and diffraction angles (fig. 1/A, B).
On the basis of those results we made a hypothetical schema regarding the technological flux of making the red-ware ceramic of the Precriş culture (Protostarčevo – Starčevo I) (fig. 2).
The final historical conclusions, realized on the basis of those results, proved to be important within difficult process regarding life reconstruction of the prehistoric communities from this culture. We think that these kinds of studies are very useful in the Romanian archaeological literature, in the case of a necessity opening toward multidisciplinary of archaeological research.