The evolution and succesion of Neo-Eneolithic cultures
Autor: Iohana Nichita
The observation of neo-eneolithic communities represented an interesting and at the same time difficult subject because the overviewing and assimilation of all its manifestations suppose an interdisciplinary observation achieved by sinchronizing archeological data with those offered by religions history, by imaginary history and by antropological interpretations.
In order to solve the problems bound to the birth and evolution of neo-eneolithic and in order to define clearly the historical evolution of a geographical area over a few millenium period i tis necessary a rigurous observation in explaining the entire phenomena and a more exactly delimitation of different cultural aspects, of phases and periods that characterize it.. also we have to take into account the chronological relations between the communities engaged in the process of ethno-cultural restructuring and especially the new data that suppose a new observation of ancient ipothesis.
The evolution and succesion of neo-eneolithic cultures can be established by the aid of methods specific to relative chronology by which are showed the relations between different cultures supposed to observation. With the aid of these we can achieve a spatial-temporal theory of definitory elements that represented the base of cultural conglomerate specific to neo-eneolithic.
The fact that a whole series of chronological sincronisms established with the comparative – tipological method can be denied by stratigraphical observations does not mean that this is not valid in most of the cases, but we should use it with some reservations.
Establishing as correct as possible sincronisms we need very exactly stratigraphical observations and not at all chronological constructions that are based on comparativ tipological criteria.
Nowadays the latest investigations revealed the unsufficiency of the parralelisms with the troian chronology and imposed the adoption of a new chronological system for the evolution of romanian neo-eneolithic.