Roman imports in the Geto-Dacian settlement at Cetăţeni and their implication for the final habitation chronology
Autor: Dragoş Măndescu
The remarkable development and prosperity of Geto-Dacian settlement at Cetăţeni (Argeş county) must be argued especially through the control of the ancient route (commercial at first), which follow the course of the Dâmboviţa River. In a greater amount than in the autochthonous contemporary settlements, certifying the station’s profile, at Cetăţeni are present the importated wares, reflecting relationships especially with the southern side, Greek and Macedonian world, as well as with the Celtic and Roman, too.
The ensemble of Roman importation wares at Cetăţeni covers a time period equivalent with almost one and half century. The oldest Roman artifacts are the coins from the hoard found in 1960, echelonated between the second half of the 2nd century and the end of the 1st century B. C. To the period of Augustus belonged a bronze fibula of Jezerine type. In the first half of the 1st century A. D. is dated a bronze fibula of Almgren 236 type (Doppelknopffibel). The middle and second half of the 1st century A. D. are surprisingly well-equipped in Roman imports: an sestert from the emperor Claudius the 1st, an lorica segmentata bronze tie hook, a pair of fragmental compasses and, finally, a denarium from the emperor Trajan.
The Geto-Dacians were the inhabitants of the Cetăţeni settlement certainly until the second half of the 1st century A. D., whether not even until at the side of the emperor Trajan’s Dacian wars.