National minorities of Hunedoara County during the first half of xx century
Autor: Ana Mund
In Hunedoara county, besides the natives, there have lived other persons belonging to other ethnic groups, among which three groups, namely the Hungarian, German and Jewish ones were the most numerous but they did not live in separate compact zones and other ethnic groups which represented at most 1% of the country population, according to the 1910 census.
All these ethnic groups came and settled on the county territory looking for a better life: the Italians for instance worked as forestry workers, the Bulgarians occupation was the gardening, the Czechs were farmers, the Ruten were miners, while those who came here individually were good traders, etc. There was a time, during the XX century when in Săcărâmb locality there used to live together 12 ethnic groups.
The size of the minority ethnic groups widely varied depending on the production rate and the economic efficiency and there existed peak periods as well as decline ones; some individuals were assimilated, others returned to their native countries after the year 1918 and after the Second World.
At the Romanian National Archives, Hunedoara County Directorate there exist many documents referring to these issues, to the life of these ethnic groups. The present work is based on the documents made available by the Prefecture of Hunedoara county and the Police Department Hunedoara.